The Tide of the People’s Anti-Imperialist Revolutionary Struggle is Irresistible
[This article is reprinted from Peking Review, #4, Jan. 21, 1966, pp. 16-18.]
THE First Afro-Asian-Latin American Peoples’ Solidarity Conference came to a successful conclusion in Havana on January 15. It adopted a resolution, firmly supporting the Vietnamese people’s struggle to resist U.S. aggression and save their country, a general declaration, a general political resolution, and other resolutions condemning imperialism, colonialism and neocolonialism headed by the United States, and expressing solidarity with the national-liberation movements in various countries. These documents give expression to the common desire and will of the hundreds of millions of Asian, African and Latin American people to carry forward their cause of solidarity against imperialism.
Characteristic of Present Situation
The conference took place against the setting of the peoples of the three continents and throughout the world locked in a bitter struggle with U.S. imperialism. The anti-imperialist revolutionary struggles on the three continents are growing in intensity and the general situation is excellent. The heroic Vietnamese people are indomitably carrying on their resistance against U.S. aggression to save their country and are winning repeated resounding victories, thereby strongly encouraging and supporting the anti-imperialist struggles of other peoples. The battle against imperialism, colonialism and neocolonialism headed by the United States is surging forward in Laos, Cambodia, Japan, south Korea, the Congo (Leopoldville), Southern Rhodesia, the Dominican Republic and many other places on the three continents. A new anti-U.S. revolutionary storm is in the offing in the Afro-Asian-Latin American region and the whole world. The anti-imperialist struggle of the peoples has reached unparalleled heights, while imperialism headed by the United States is at the end of its rope—such is the main current in Asia, Africa and Latin America today; and the tri-continental conference naturally cannot but reflect this characteristic of the present situation.
U.S. Imperialism—Principal Target
Strong voices against U.S. imperialism resounded from all corners of the conference hall. U.S. imperialism was the principal target of attack and exposure in delegates’ speeches, in discussions at sub-committee meetings and in the many documents of the conference, which was in fact a conference to denounce U.S. imperialism and mobilize the people of the three continents for a more intense anti-U.S. fight.
Countless facts show that U.S. imperialism is the biggest international exploiter and the main bulwark of colonialism. It is the prop of all reactionary forces and the main force of aggression and war. It is the most arrogant, most ferocious and most brutal of the aggressors that mankind has ever seen. It is the root of all the evil for the Afro-Asian-Latin American region. To attain or safeguard independence and to seek liberation, it is absolutely necessary for the people of the three continents to rise and combat U.S. imperialism. To realize its overweening ambition for world conquest, U.S. imperialism is frenziedly prosecuting its policy of aggression and war in Asia, Africa and Latin America, committing aggression and intervention everywhere and wilfully infringing upon and menacing the independence of other countries. Thus, the most pressing task facing the people of the three continents is to enhance their militant solidarity, further consolidate and broaden the international united front against U.S. imperialism and its flunkeys to the widest possible extent and isolate U.S. imperialism as much as they can. Consequently, many delegates at the conference roundly condemned U.S. imperialism’s policies of aggression and war. They declared that U.S. imperialism was the common enemy of the people of the three continents, and emphasized the necessity to direct the national-democratic movement in the region at U.S. imperialism. They stated that victory in any revolutionary cause, independence, peace and progress were unthinkable if the struggle against U.S. imperialism were discontinued. The conference said in its general declaration: “The Asian, African and Latin American peoples know from their own experience that the main bastion of colonial oppression and international reaction is U.S. imperialism—the implacable enemy of all the peoples of the world. To overthrow the domination of U.S. imperialism is the decisive question in order to attain a conclusive and complete victory in the anti-imperialist struggle in the three continents. In the pursuance of this objective all their peoples’ efforts must converge.” This is a just verdict on U.S. imperialism and a solemn call to the Asian, African and Latin American peoples.
Support the Vietnamese People—The Central Task
The Vietnamese people’s struggle to resist U.S. aggression and save their country is now the focus of the worldwide struggle against imperialism. The Asian, African and Latin American peoples all demanded that the conference make it its central task to support the Vietnamese people’s anti-U.S. national-salvation struggle and to oppose U.S. aggression against Vietnam. At a time when the Johnson Administration was busy, with a big “peace” swindle and expanding its war, the conference voiced strong condemnation of the U.S. imperialist policy of aggression against Vietnam and expressed resolute support for the Vietnamese people persisting in their anti-U.S. struggle for national salvation. Many delegates sharply exposed the Johnson Administration’s “peace talks” fraud. They pointed out that the Vietnam question can be solved only in accordance with the will of the Vietnamese people. They appealed to the people of all countries to resolutely support the Vietnamese people to carry their anti-U.S. national-salvation struggle to the finish, until the U.S. aggressors are completely defeated. The resolution on Vietnam severely condemned U.S. imperialism’s plot to intensify its moves for widening the war under the “peace talks” smokescreen, and indignantly denounced U.S. imperialism as the war criminal. At the same time, the resolution expressed unreserved support for the five-part statement of the South Vietnam National Front for Liberation and the four-point proposition of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It demanded an immediate withdrawal from south Vietnam of U.S. and satellite troops and the recognition of the South Vietnam National Front for Liberation as the sole legitimate representative of the south Vietnamese people. All this voices the common aspirations of the more than 2,000 million people of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Revolutionary Violence vs. Counter-Revolutionary Violence
As U.S. imperialism and its lackeys are more wildly relying on counter-revolutionary violence to carry out their tyrannical rule and armed suppression of the revolutionary movements of the oppressed nations, the broad masses of the Asian, African and Latin American regions have become increasingly convinced that armed struggle is the correct path for the oppressed nations and the oppressed peoples to win independence and liberation, and they have firm faith in people’s war as the most effective way to deal with U.S. imperialism and its lackeys. Many delegates showed by their own experience that it was necessary to oppose the counter-revolutionary violence of U.S. imperialism and its lackeys with revolutionary violence, that the independence and freedom of all peoples could be won only by armed force, and that only by armed force could their independence and freedom be defended. The general declaration of the conference proclaimed in no uncertain terms that the people of all countries have the right to oppose imperialist violence with revolutionary violence.
Sharp Struggle Between Two Lines
The common demand of the overwhelming majority of the delegates was that the anti-imperialist revolutionary struggle in Asia, Africa and Latin America be pushed to new heights. But the Khrushchov revisionists and a handful of their followers tried hard to divert the conference and lead it astray. The Khrushchov revisionists tried in vain to impose their capitulationist and divisive line on the conference and to bring the national-democratic movements in Asia, Africa and Latin America into the orbit of U.S.-Soviet collaboration for world domination. Therefore, an intense struggle between the two lines had to be waged throughout the conference.
The Khrushchov revisionists made it quite clear that they wanted to call the tune for the conference by imposing their erroneous line on it. On the opening day, the Soviet paper Pravda, in an article by its editorial department, asserted that the struggles “for peaceful coexistence of states with different social systems,” “for the prohibition of nuclear weapons and their means of delivery” and “for universal peace” “will be the main subjects of discussion at the Havana conference.” It attempted to divert the attention of the conference with its so-called “universal peace,” “total and complete disarmament,” “peaceful coexistence” and similar stuff. But most delegates were aware that it was U.S. imperialism which was carrying out armed aggression and intervention everywhere in Asia, Africa and Latin America and that, to the people of these areas, the most urgent task was to resolutely combat the U.S. imperialist policies of aggression and war and intensify their revolutionary struggles against U.S. imperialism and its lackeys. The Khrushchov revisionists were, in fact, doing a service to U.S. imperialism by hawking their goods at this juncture. Obviously, their wares could find no market among the revolutionary peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Soviet delegates resorted to all kinds of despicable means to smuggle into the conference their contraband “peaceful coexistence” and all that sort of rubbish. This only enabled the broad masses of the people of Asia, Africa and Latin America to see more clearly the counter-revolutionary features of the Khrushchov revisionists.