PDF – China: A Modern Social-Imperialist Power

In May of 2017, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) initiated a study posing the question of whether China had or had not become a new imperialist power. The resulting report answers in the affirmative: In the view of the CPI(Maoist), the People’s Republic of China has become a social-imperialist power. Further, the Chinese Communist Party, and its ideology of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics deceives and misleads socialists the world over, rejecting internationalism and revolution for a suite of revisionist justifications upholding and furthering the bourgeois dictatorship in China. The CPI(Maoist) calls on the CCP to abandon its current capitalist-imperialist trajectory, and for progressive comrades within the party to initiate struggle against the imperialist and monopoly capitalist ruling clique.

Among the hallmarks of Chinese social-imperialism, the CPI(Maoist) identifies capital export, financialization, deployment of troops and advisors, rapid armament and weapon sales, interference in the affairs of small nations and national liberation struggles, big-power chauvinism, support for free trade and globalization, and inter-imperialist rivalry. This last threatens to bloom into all-out wars of redivision as the western imperialists attempt to retain their flagging positions and expand their spheres of domination.

We do not take this question lightly. On the one hand, China is a nation whose working class is oppressed and parasitized by western imperialism, and the western powers would give anything to reverse its development and neutralize the threat it poses to their current and former spheres of influence. However, we cannot ignore the principled criticism of long-established and inspirational parties like the CPP-NPA-NDF, or the CPI(Maoist) when they decry Chinese social-imperialism. We do not ignore revolts by Papuan villagers who storm Chinese-owned nickel-mines, or when Zambian workers rise up and murder their Chinese bosses, or when said bosses shoot and kill their striking Zambian workers. Nor can one easily ignore targeted killings in Balochistan by insurgents who purport to fight “the colonization of Balochistan” by Chinese corporations. No one could have missed the stunning turnaround experienced by the Sri Lankan government, from near-defeat to victory, in the war to suppress the Tamil national liberation movement. This turnaround was largely due to China’s military and financial aid. For the sake of its oil supply and future access to the Indian Ocean, the PRC joins the reactionary and expansionist Modi government in India in its support for former western puppet Aung San Suu Kyi and the Myanmar military’s ethnic cleansing of Rohingya.

Wars of redivision are just over the horizon, and at least in that regard the tasks of the small anti-imperialist movement based in the core countries has not and will not change. But as for the advent of rising imperialisms, we gain nothing by lying about the way the world truly is, and on that note we thank the CPI(Maoist) for providing this report as a starting point for an investigation of the nature of Chinese social-imperialism, that a greater understanding of the balance of powers and the coming crisis might be reached.

We would also like to thank the comrades who translated the document, MIM comrades for giving feedback, and especially LOOP comrades for important edits. We hope the present piece is put to good use.

The Revolutionary Anti-Imperialist Movement has undertaken this translation to better understand the position of one of the world’s foremost communist parties and to make it available to other comrades in English. It is unofficial and imperfect. Its quotations and data are, with a few very minor exceptions, checked against easily available sources. The footnotes in the original were for a non-western audience (clarifying what Wall Street is etc.) and were removed for brevity. All sums and statistics are rendered in western units from the Indian numbering system and may contain errors, e.g. one or two extra zeros when converting from lakhs and crores. Previously phonetically spelled names have been rendered in their common English variants, and the entire document has been edited for length while retaining the meaning of the text.

We have been made aware of a purported English translation appearing in the days preceding publication of this version. We welcome many eyes on this question, and if the purported translation is official, we defer to it.

Join the conversation! 5 Comments

  1. […] Exploiting these conditions, very few capitalist roaders who captured upper-level power in the CCP openly crafted schemes to restore capitalism in China. They implemented their revisionist “productive forces” policy both secretly and openly. The waging of internal struggles exposed capitalist conspiracies. Mao taught that revolution should continue until communism is reached. The great Chinese working class continued its cultural revolution in accordance with Mao’s call to “Break the Centres of Capitalism” for over ten years (1966-76) under the leadership of the CCP. However, after the demise of Comrade Mao followed by the leadership of Hua-Deng, the capitalist roaders […] were successful in installing capitalism in all spheres, be they theoretical, political, economic and cultural. They succeeded in their goal of changing the communist party into a revisionist party, working class dictatorship into bourgeois dictatorship, and it was an outstanding achievement on their part to install a capitalist state in place of a socialist state within the span of 3 years. In this way, the global proletariat met a formidable historical defeat by the restoration of capitalism in China. (CPI (Maoist), 2017 p. 7-8) […]

  2. […] ÇKP’de üst kademeleri işgal eden çok az sayıdaki kapitalist yolcu, ortaya çıkan bu koşulları kendi çıkarları için kullanarak Çin’de kapitalizmi restore etmek için açıkça yollar oluşturmuşlardır. Bunlar hem açıkça hem de gizli olarak kendi revizyonist “üretim güçleri” politikalarını uygulamışlardır. İç politikada yaşanan mücadeleler ise kapitalist komploların müdahalesine maruz kalmıştır. Mao’ya göre devrim, komünizme ulaşılana kadar devam etmelidir. Büyük Çin işçi sınıfı, Mao’nun “Kapitalizmin Temellerini Yıkın” çağrısına uyarak on yılı aşan bir süre boyunca (1966-76) ÇKP önderliğinde kültür devrimini devam ettirmişlerdir. Ancak, Mao yoldaşın ölümünden sonra gelen Hua-Deng yönetimi, yani kapitalist yolcular; teorik, siyasi, ekonomik ve kültürel her alanda kapitalizmi inşa etmekte başarılı olmuştur. Komünist partiyi revizyonist partiye çevirme ve işçi sınıfı diktatörlüğünü burjuva diktatörlüğüne çevirme amaçlarına başarılı olmuşlardır ve üç yıl gibi kısa bir süreçte sosyalist bir devletin yerine kapitalist bir devleti yerleştirebilmiş olmak onlar açısından oldukça büyük kazanım olmuştur. İşte bu şekilde, Çin’de kapitalizmin restore edilmesiyle birlikte dünya proletaryası muazzam bir yenilgi almıştır. (HKP (Maoist), 2017 ss. 7-8) […]

  3. […] However, more substantive criticism, informed by the Marxist science of materialism and class analysis is warranted. Thankfully, comrades in CPI(Maoist) have done this for us, providing a 30 some-odd page piece which outlines in detail how China is imperialist. I will summarize some of these notes below. (For a link to the full piece: https://anti-imperialism.org/2018/09/21/china-a-modern-social-imperialist-power-cpimaoist/) […]

  4. […] War – Lin Biao Long Live Mao Tse Tung’s Thought! – Peking Review, July 1 1966 China: A Modern Social-Imperialist Power – Communist Party of India (Maoist)Revisionism & Anti-RevisionismOn Krushchev’s Phoney Communism and Its Historical Lessons […]


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Asia, China, History, Imperialism, India, Militarism, Political Economy, Theory, Uncategorized


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