The following document, referred to as The Shengwulian Manifesto, was published in 1968 by the Hunan Provincial Revolutionary Great Alliance Committee, and was part of the far-left of the Chinese Cultural Revolution. Much of the actual document may be lost on those with little background in Chinese history. Likewise, something is likely lost in translation as well. But to summarize, […]

This article was originally published at 4th Media.  While the United States is busy plotting the downfall of various anti-hegemonic regimes in the global south, it has also been pursuing another strategy to stave off crisis and possible loss of global supremacy: fusion technology, the ‘holy grail’ of energy. Unlike fission, in which heavy atoms […]

Responding to a recent statement by Italian, India, and Afghan groups calling for a new international conference of Maoist organizations, the Spanish group Gran Marcha Hacia el Comunismo (Long March Towards Communism) declared their support while offering a few suggestions on topics to discuss, including the “question of Lin Biao and the reasons for his […]

In this short video, Shubel Morgan explains why Amerikans are so wealthy compared to those in the Third World. It is not because of so-called ‘advanced technology.’ Amerika is wealthy because it exploits the world’s people. Shubel Morgan also penned a highly recommendable six-part essay (collected in a single PDF, here) which deals with the […]

On Monday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov accused the US and its western allies of using blackmail to secure a UN Security Council resolution on Syria. The draft resolution, circulated my members of the British delegation, included economic sanctions on the Syrian government and could pave the way for a future UN-backed intervention.

This following video of an interview by historian and author Webster Tarpley offers an interesting, geo-political perspective on modern dynamics related to imperialism and militarism. Posting here is for discussion and additional perspective and does not imply uncritical agreement.

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Wages and class struggle

Karl Marx’s opening line in the first chapter of Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 states that, “wages are determined by antagonistic struggle between capitalist and worker.” (p. 19)

This opening line is often cited by nominal leftists as explanation for exorbitantly high wages of many workers in the United States and throughout the First World. The explanation they reach is that First World workers receive such high wages because they have secured them as historic concessions over the course of past class struggle. But this view is narrow and has quite specific limitations.

In terms of scope, this explanatory view negates the workings of capitalism internationally. Wages of all workers have hardly risen, just those within certain spatial and social limitations (i.e., those within the First World and often part of oppressor nations). The notable idea ignored by the First Worldist viewpoint is that while class struggle certainly may have played a role in elevating the status and material fulfillment of First World workers, this class struggle may not have occurred on their part alone. Instead, the raising of wages for a limited number of worker, i.e. those mainly in the First World, was a measure to counteract not merely their own class struggle but that of the international proletariat. During the 20th century, the international proletariat advanced in their struggle in many regards. They were able to establish nominally socialist states which for a time acted as economic and political bulwarks against capitalist-imperialism. As well, the proletariat of the Third World waged several wars of liberation against direct imperialist occupation and neo-colonial puppets. It was no doubt such heightened class struggle which played a large role in determining the wages of First World countries, so as the secure their passivity and tacit support of the system at the moment it was facing its greatest challenges from the international proletariat movement. Continue reading

If you are an American or European citizen, chances are you’ve never heard about shengren, minzhu and wenming. If one day you promote them, you might even be accused of culture treason. That’s because these are Chinese concepts. They are often conveniently translated as “philosophers,” “democracy” and “civilization.” In fact, they are none of those. […]

When news broke following October 1st, 1949 that the Chinese Communist Party defeated the ‘Nationalist’ troops and had established the People’s Republic of China, reactions of elation, horror or skepticism ensued. Few however could predict the political struggles which would erupt over the next 20 years, eventually spilling into public life in what was known […]

This essay by Bernard D’Mello was published last month by Monthly Review. In it, the author provides a multi-faceted, definite view of Maoism. We are posting it here for critical discussion, in large part because it approaches Maoism from a historical perspective and describes it as an outgrowth and class and ideological struggles. Posting here […]