Kabul is under siege. A series of deadly attacks in the heart of the capital just this month, and a history of many others in the past few months have reinforced this fact. Simply put, the expiration date of the regime has been set, and although we cannot be for certain when it will fall, […]

The Afghan occupation is unraveling. The invaders have been forced entirely into a defensive posture, always reacting to the advances of the Taliban forces, never advancing themselves. We hear sporadic news of increased aerial bombing—succeeding mostly in killing Afghan civilians—and the targeting of so-called drug labs, but nothing of real advance. The imperialists are stuck, […]

Happy Xmas, but the war is not over. Far from it, so that is one track that walmart can knock off its christmas playlist, that is, assuming they have not forgotten a war is going on. It is unfortunately easy to forget, after all, as the Afghanistan war becomes one of the least reported on […]

The heroic struggle of the Yemeni people continues on, intensifying with every passing day. They are besieged from all sides, yet have achieved spectacular victories in their struggle for independence against the imperialist coalition and the traitor “president” Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who continues to depend on the backing of the world’s chief parasites for everything […]

It is halloween, and nothing is more terrifying to an amerikan than Third World resistance. All evidence points to a strengthened Afghan resistance, defense secretary Mattis himself has said “I think the Taliban had a good year last year […] Right now, I believe the enemy is surging.” With new tactics and morale, both the […]

On October 7th, the Afghan war officially entered its 17th year, persisting as amerika’s longest running overseas conflict. The Trump regime is attempting to win an impossible war against the will of the Afghan people, and has violently reasserted the role of the united $tates in Afghanistan. In response to the troop surge and recent […]

Within a month of one another, the amerikans and the Taliban fixed their positions in preparation for a new phase of the struggle in Afghanistan. On August 15th, Taliban released an open letter declaring that the precondition for the resumption of peace-talks and a hopeful ceasefire is the withdrawal of all amerikan forces from the […]

[Leftist Critic is an independent writer, researcher, and comrade who cares about the world about them. Other than posting on radical subreddits, they also tweet infrequently at @leftistcriticabout about the murderous US empire, international solidarity with nations and peoples under attack, and provide necessary criticism of the Western “Left.” They can be reached at leftistcritic@linuxmail.org.] […]

“Superficial and reactionary measures, especially when pursued through law, will have no other outcome but to clear the way for future crises by intensifying existing polarizations… These behaviors are unjust and we all know that pursuing injustice has the unwanted characteristic of reversibility.” —Ayatollah Khamenei, in his second letter to the western youth following the […]

After arriving in Saudi Arabia, Trump joined an assembly of delegates representing 55 predominantly Muslim states on sunday in order to discuss ordering the creation of a reserve force of more than 34,000 soldiers in order to combat “islamic terrorism” with an emphasis on the Islamic State. The drafted agreement also stated that in the course […]

Under the leadership of the Taliban, the forces for national liberation in Afghanistan have launched a “spring offensive” in the north of the country, kicked off by an attack last month in Camp Shaheen which took the lives of more than 100 Afghan security personnel. This new offensive is being called “Operation Omari” in honor […]

[The following is a piece on the strategic space Islam occupies in the anti-imperialist terrain by the comrades of MIM(Prisons). An informative and scientific touching-off point to a larger conversation that is very much necessary among the western left especially. As always, the following is provided for the purposes of study and discussion.] In the […]

“I bid good-bye to the old century, may it rest in peace as it has lived in war. Of the new century I prophesy nothing except that it will see the decline of the British Empire. Other worse empires will rise perhaps in its place, but I shall not live to see the day. (…)” […]

[The following two articles by the Tatar Bolshevik Mirsaid Sultan-Galiev appeared in the official journal of the Narkomnats, Zhizn’ Natsional’nostei (Life of the Nationalities), in three parts in 1919, though only the latter two are reproduced here. In them, Sultan-Galiev criticizes the focus of the Comintern on the West, and further warns that a social […]

By Zak Brown Introduction In the wake of the Charlie Hebdo massacre, the Western media has wasted no time tooting its own horn regarding the value of “free speech” in our liberal societies. But what should we think about this defense of “free speech”? No doubt, the massacre at Charlie Hebdo which left 12 dead and […]

By Aqil Abu Dharr Imperialism has been envisioning and working toward a Middle East under their control and domination for a long time. The State of Israel is a bulwark for imperialist domination. It was imperialism that imposed Israel upon the people of Palestine without their approval and it is imperialism which maintains this Zionist […]

Tens of thousands of people in dozens of cities and slums across Africa, South Asia, the Middle East and parts of Europe and Australia have demonstrated in recent days in response to a film made in the United $tates attacking the Prophet Muhammad. Protests primarily targeted U.$. embassies and other symbols of imperialism including an […]

Following the 2011 ‘Arab Spring’ uprisings which toppled long-time ruler Hosni Mubarek, various forces of Egyptian society have emerged in an ongoing contest over social and political power. Of these forces, one of the most prominent has been that of organized Islam, particularly the Muslim Brotherhood. How did Islam come to Egypt and how has it manifested itself in modern organizations like the Muslim Brotherhood? What has been its role in Egypt since independence, and what role will political Islam and the Muslim Brotherhood likely play in the future?

Islam’s roots and early significance lie in the changing conditions of 7th and 8th century Arabia. Not united by a single ethnic-religious formation prior to its development, through its pronouncements on religion, social and legal philosophy, early Islam sought and succeeded in creating a trans-tribal authority and source of identity through which later Arab and Middle Eastern empires could be built. Early Islam’s significance is that it was the guiding philosophy under which a series of large, precedent tributary socio-political orders were organized.

Samir Amin, an Egyptian-born Marxist associated with world-systems, dependency and unequal exchange theories, has described pre-modern history as the transition from communal societies to tributary ones, the latter of which have “witnessed the crystallization of social power in a statist-ideological-metaphysical form.” Under a tributary system, taxes and other fees collected by agents of a central power and the dominance of the social-religious-state power over economic affairs distinguishes it from later system of capitalism, which was defined in regards to the ascendancy of economic actors over metaphysical political power. (Amin 14) In the Arabian peninsula and outward, Islam provided the ideological basis under which power was assigned within such a tributary society.

The Qu’ran, the sacred text of Islam and its most important document, provides both a history of the region and lays down social and legal mores for future, ‘righteous’ rule. Unlike philosophical doctrines such as Confucianism, which grew out of a China’s Warring States period and resulted from the practice of previous large-scale tributary societies, Islam rose out of a period in which many religious-social doctrines and groups existed yet absent one doctrine’s hegemony. In this manner, Islam was part of an effort to fuse the loose patchwork of existing ethnic, religious, economic and tribal groups into a single Muslim identity and allegiance, incorporating all into a single tributary society. Continue reading