[Originally published in July of 1920, during the Second Congress of the Communist International, the following was intended to set the foundation of the new party model and set the practical agenda for all Comintern members. Moreover, it represented the final defeat of the most critical organizational errors of the Second International. While it is […]

[In his autopsy of the Second International, Lenin sets out the symptoms of revolutionary situations (which do not always result in revolutions). In this epoch of crisis and the future promise of greater crisis, we feel that the left is under-equipped to diagnose a revolutionary situation. As always, the present excerpt is provided for the […]

Recently, the anti-Bolshevik pamphlet “The Struggle Against Fascism Begins with the Struggle Against Bolshevism” by German left-communist Otto Rühle from 1939 has caused turmoil within numerous leftist circles. His pamphlet seeks to undermine the Marxist-Leninist approach to socialist revolution in its fundamental key points and “criticizes” the praxis of the Russian revolution, calling Soviet Russia […]

“…What are the characteristic features of the life and development of these countries, which distinguish them from the Soviet republics of the East? Firstly, these countries are living and developing under the oppression of imperialism. Secondly, the existence of a double oppression, internal oppression (by the native bourgeoisie) and external oppression (by the foreign imperialist […]

The following is Bruce Franklin’s introduction to his book, ‘The Essential Stalin.’ As always, reposting here does not imply agreement, endorsement, or affiliation. I used to think of Joseph Stalin as a tyrant and butcher who jailed and killed millions, betrayed the Russian revolution, sold out liberation struggles around the world, and ended up a […]

[This article was originally published by Jason Yanowitz for ‘International Socialist Review.’ We republish it here for critical discussion. Republishing does not imply endorsement of the article, its line or the ISR.] STARTING IN the 1970s, a new consensus emerged among serious scholars of the Russian Revolution. Instead of seeing the rise of Stalinism as […]